Bohinj is a very old settlement, as it was already inhabited in the Bronze Age.
The oldest settlements date back to the 7th century BC – Ajdov grad (castle) by Bohinjska Bistrica, late Roman and early Christian findings were found. The most famous Slovenian poet France Preseren (1800-1848) wrote the epic-lyric poem ˝Krst pri Savici˝ (Baptism at Savica) and depicts time and space of the Bohinj valley.
In 16th century iron (foundries) representing the economic basis of Bohinj, which expanded in Bistrica and Stara Fužina (old foundry).
Agriculture has always been modest; the inhabitants lived mainly from pasturing, as meadows given enough hay. Since Bohinj is known for plenty of rain and hay would have rotted, hayracks where invented– the double hayracks named “Toplarji”, best seen in Studor are special in Europe.
In the past some 40 meadows were cultivated, that are now mostly abandoned, but until the mid-19th century each herdsman (Majer) obtained his own milk.
On Pokljuka stands the idyllic meadow Zajamnik, where huts elongated in a street.
The Alpine Dairy Museum in Stara Fužina located in an abandoned village dairy, where in an authentic area with tools and accessories you get an insight into the work and life of the herdsmen.
More information: www.gorenjski-muzej.si/1
Did you know that still today in Lake Bohinj a blown up locomotive from the1st World War is laying? Bohinj was a transitional zone between the hinterland and the battlefield of the Isonzo Front. From Bohinjska Bistrica to Ukanc, today Hotel Zlatorog a single-track railway line was running.
The military cemetery Ukanc is near the bottom station of the cable car Vogel.
In the Museum of Tomaž Godec in Bohinjska Bistrica you can see the wider history of Bohinj, where a permanent exhibition entitled ˝Bohinj 1914 – 1918, 1941-1945, ” is open, which shows the different chapters of wartime happenings. »Selected Images of Bohinj« show how the locals did live; we have to highlight the leather and wood craftwork, like Bohinj chest and pipes as well as beekeeping.
More information: www.gorenjski-muzej.si/2
Making of pipes goes probably back to the time of 18th century and has been particularly developed during long and hard winters in the area of Gorjuše, among which the most well-known Gorjuška pipe is, the so called ˝čedra˝. The Craft is still active today.
In the museum of living culture ˝Oplen house˝ in Studor you can see authentic equipment of living culture from the early 20th century with its famous black kitchen.
More information: www.gorenjski-muzej.si/3